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India’s participation at XVI NAM Summit at Tehran
Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh will be participating in the XVI Summit Meeting of the Heads of State and Government of the Non-Aligned Movement which is being held at Tehran, Iran on 30-31 August, 2012. Prime Minister Dr. Singh had also participated in the last two NAM Summits held at Sharm El Sheik, Egypt in July 2009 and at Havana, Cuba in September 2006.
The Summit level meeting will be preceded by a customary Ministerial meeting on 28-29 August and a Senior Officials Meeting on 26-27 August. External Affairs Minister Shri S. M. Krishna will lead the Indian delegation to the Ministerial Meeting. EAM will also represent India at the Ministerial meeting of the NAM Committee on Palestine that will be held on 28 August. Foreign Secretary Shri Ranjan Mathai will head the Indian delegation for the Senior Officials meeting.
The Summit Conference of Heads of State or Government is the highest decision-making authority of the Non-Aligned Movement. At the Tehran Summit, the Chairmanship of NAM will pass on from Egypt to Iran in accordance with the NAM’s practice of regional rotation. The theme of the Tehran Summit is “Lasting Peace through Joint Global Governance”. In accordance with NAM practice, the Summit would focus in a comprehensive manner on global regional and sub-regional issues as well as issues relating to development and human rights and social issues. Usually the NAM Summit meetings adopt a Final Document listing the Movement’s position on all important international issues as well as Special Declarations proposed by the host or other members.
NAM does not have formal structures such as a Secretariat or a Constitution. The Chair is delegated the responsibility of promoting the principles and activities of the Movement as well as providing the administrative structure and coordinating its work. The NAM Coordinating Bureau (NAM-CoB) in New York serves as the focal point for coordination of the Movement’s work. All decisions by the Movement are made by consensus in accordance with the Cartagena Document on Methodology adopted at the 11th NAM Summit in Cartagena (Colombia) in October 1995. The Document notes that consensus, while signifying substantial agreement, does not require or imply unanimity. The Document also notes that on sensitive issues, particular attention should be paid to openness and the holding of extensive consultations with the broadest possible participation.
NAM and India
The Non–Aligned Movement stands for principles which India has always espoused and pursued in international affairs: sovereign equality of states; respect for territorial integrity, a peaceful, equitable and just world order; and the progress of developing countries through socio-economic development.
As a founding-member of the Non-Aligned Movement, India has consistently striven to ensure that the Movement moves forward on the basis of cooperation and constructive engagement rather than confrontation, and straddles the differences of the traditional North-South divide. India’s broad approach to the NAM Summit in Tehran would be oriented towards channelling the Movement’s energies to focus on issues that unite rather than divide its diverse membership so that the Movement can continue to serve as an effective voice for the genuine concerns of developing countries.