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Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) members of IAEA Board of Governor lauds ElBaradei's Iran report
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) at the IAEA Board of Governors meeting in Vienna issued a statement on Thursday, thanking IAEA Director General Mohamed ElBaradei for his report on implementation of the NPT Safeguards Agreement in Iran.
The full text of the statement reads as follows:
At the very outset, NAM would like to recall its principled positions on this issue, as reflected in the Statement on the Islamic Republic of Iran's Nuclear Issue adopted in the 14th Summit of the Non-Aligned Movement held in Havana, Cuba, on 15 and 16 September 2006.
The Heads of State or Government reaffirmed the basic and inalienable right of all States, to develop research, production and use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes, without any discrimination and in conformity with their respective legal obligations. Therefore, nothing should be interpreted in a way as inhibiting or restricting this right of States to develop atomic energy for peaceful purposes.
They furthermore reaffirmed that States' choices and decisions in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear technology and its fuel cycle policies must be respected.
The Heads of State or Government recognized the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as the sole competent authority for verification of the respective safeguards obligations of Member States and stressed that there should be no undue pressure or interference in the Agency's activities, especially its verification process, which would jeopardize the efficiency and credibility of the Agency.
The Heads of State or Government welcomed the cooperation extended by the Islamic Republic of Iran to the IAEA including those voluntary confidence-building measures undertaken, with a view to resolve the remaining issues. They noted the assessment of the IAEA
Director-General that all nuclear material declared by Iran had been accounted for. They noted, at the same time, that the process for drawing a conclusion with regard to the absence of undeclared material and activities in Iran is an ongoing and time-consuming process. In this regard, the Heads of State or Government encouraged Iran to urgently continue to cooperate actively and fully with the IAEA within the Agency's mandate to resolve outstanding issues in order to promote confidence and a peaceful resolution of the issue.
The Heads of State or Government emphasized the fundamental distinction between the legal obligations of States to their respective safeguards agreements and any confidence building measures voluntarily undertaken to resolve difficult issues, and believed that such voluntary undertakings are not legal safeguards obligations.
The Heads of State or Government considered the establishment of nuclear-weapons-free zones (NWFZs) as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterated the support for the establishment in the Middle East of a nuclear- weapon-free zone, in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Pending the establishment of such a zone ,they demanded Israel to accede to the NPT without delay and place promptly all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards.
The Heads of State or Government reaffirmed the inviolability of peaceful nuclear activities and that any attack or threat of attack against peaceful nuclear facilities -operational or under
construction- poses a great danger to human beings and the environment ,and constitutes a grave violation of international law, principles and purposes of the Charter of the United Nations and regulations of the IAEA. They recognized the need for a comprehensive multilaterally negotiated instrument, prohibiting attacks, or threat of attacks on nuclear facilities devoted to peaceful uses of nuclear energy.
The Heads of State or Government strongly believed that all issues on safeguards and verification, including those of Iran, should be resolved within the IAEA framework, and be based on technical and legal grounds. They further emphasized that the Agency should continue its work to resolve the Iranian nuclear issue within its mandate under the Statute of the IAEA.
The Heads of State or Government also strongly believed that diplomacy and dialogue through peaceful means must continue to find a long term solution to the Iranian nuclear issue. They expressed their conviction that the only way to resolve the issue is to resume negotiations without any preconditions and to enhance cooperation with the involvement of all necessary parties to promote international confidence with the view to facilitating Agency's work on resolving the outstanding issues.
NAM welcomes the efforts made by Iran and the IAEA Secretariat in the implementation of the of the Work Plan as contained in INFCIRC/711 on Understanding of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Agency on the Modalities of resolution of the Outstanding Issues, which was reflected in the Summary of the previous report of the Director General as a significant step forward. NAM believes that these steps will facilitate the negotiation between Iran and the concerned parties in order to have a peaceful settlement of the Iranian nuclear issue.
In these regards NAM is pleased to note that the Report of the Director General establishes, inter alia, the following progress in the implementation of the Work Plan:
The Agency has been able to conclude that answers provided by Iran on the declared past P-1 and P-2 centrifuge programme are consistent with its findings.
Iran has provided sufficient access to individuals and has responded in a timely manner to questions and provided clarifications and amplifications on issues raised in the context of the Work Plan.
On 8 November 2007, upon the request of the Agency, as reflected in the paragraph B of the Work Plan, Iran had provided to the Agency a copy of the 15-page document on Uranium metal.
NAM welcomes this substantive progress and is optimistic that the remaining questions will be resolved with the proactive cooperation of Iran with the IAEA.
NAM welcomes the conclusion of the Safeguard Approach and the Facility Attachment for the Fuel Enrichment Plant at Natanz, which entered in force on September 30, 2007. NAM hopes that this would facilitate the Agency comprehensive and full safeguards verification implementation at this facility.
NAM also takes note that the Director General expressed once again that the Agency is able to verify the non-diversion of declared material in Iran, and that Iran has provided the Agency with access declared nuclear material, and has provided the required nuclear material accountancy reports in connection with declared nuclear material and activities. NAM also notes that the Agency has not found indications of on-going reprocessing activities In Iran.
NAM reiterates its full confidence in the impartiality and professionalism of the Secretariat of the IAEA and of its Director General, Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei. In light of some recent development, NAM strongly rejects any undue pressure or interference in the Agency's activities, especially in its verification process, which will jeopardize its efficiency and credibility. Particularly, In this connection NAM reiterates its full support for the recent steps taken by the Director General in order to resolve the outstanding issues on Iran.
The 35-member Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency held its regular year-end meeting on Thursday.
A number of different topics are supposed to be brought up for discussion during the meeting, which is expected to last two days.
The IAEA's technical assistance and cooperation (TAC) committee has just wrapped up a three-day meeting of its own, the results of which would be presented to the UN nuclear watchdog's board.
IAEA Director General Mohamed Elbaradei said on Thursday that "Our progress over the past two months has been made possible by an increased level of cooperation on the part of Iran, in accordance with the work plan."
Addressing the IAEA Board of Governors on Thursday, he said with regard to Iran's current nuclear activities, "We have been able to verify the non-diversion of all declared nuclear material. We also have in place a safeguards approach for the Natanz facility that enables us to credibly verify all enrichment activities there," ElBaradei said.
ElBaradei gave a complete report to IAEA Board of Governors on Iran's cooperation with IAEA.
In his report, ElBaradei underlined that Iran's report on P1 and P2 centrifuge enrichment technologies have been correct and transparent.
At the very outset NAM would like to thank the Director General for his introductory statement, which highlights the main issues to be considered in the present session of the Board of Governors.
NAM takes note that the Governments of the Republic of Chad and of the Republic of Mozambique have decided to conclude comprehensive safeguards agreements with the Agency as well as the corresponding protocols additional to those agreements.
NAM also takes note of the decision of the Republic of the Cote d'Ivoire to conclude an Additional Protocol to its safeguards agreement with the Agency.
On behalf of the Vienna Chapter of Non-Aligned Movement we would like to thank the Director General, Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei, for his update on the implementation of safeguards in the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.
NAM reiterates its desire for the total realization of the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and its continued support for the Six-Party Talks, as a way to find a long term solution to the Korean nuclear issue through diplomacy and dialogue. NAM had therefore welcomed the Joint Statement of the Six-Party Talks as well as the agreement on the Initial Actions for its Implementation, reached in Beijing on 13 February 2007.
In this context, NAM notes with satisfaction that the monitoring and verification activities, as envisaged under the" Initial Actions", are being implemented with the cooperation of the DPRK and the active participation of the IAEA. NAM encourages the Agency and the DPRK to continue its efforts in this regard.